The thyroid gland is one of the largest glands of the endocrine system, which is present in the lower part of the neck. It secretes two important hormones — triiodothyronine and thyroxine also called T3 and T4 respectively. These hormones are responsible for a lot of things the way in which you metabolize food, use energy, your sleep patterns, your temperature preferences, whether you gain or lose weight, etc. Thyroid diseases are overlooked in the early stages because of their uncertain and ambiguous symptoms. Here are some quick facts about Thyroid Diseases –
#1: Hyperthyroidism refers to an increase in production of hormones by the gland. Some of the symptoms that could signal hyperthyroidism are weight loss despite a good appetite, enlargement in your neck, an increase in heart rate, shorter menstrual periods, high blood pressure, increased sweating, frequent bowel movements, nervousness and trembling hands. Here are few tips to deal with hyperthyroidism during pregnancy.
#2: Hypothyroidism refers to a decrease in production of hormones by the gland. Some of the symptoms that could signal hypothyroidism are weight gain or failure to lose weight despite a proper weight loss regime, enlargement in the neck, reduced heart rate, increased cold sensitivity, lethargy, numbness in hands, dry skin and hair, heavy menstrual periods and constipation.